Report: European pellet consumption, production up in 2019

By Erin Voegele | November 07, 2019

The 28 European Union member states produced nearly 17 million metric tons of wood pellets last year and consumed nearly 27 million metric tons, according to date recently released by Bioenergy Europe.

The data was published as part of the Bioenergy Europe’s 2019 statistics report, which for the first time has been split into seven separate publications, each focused on a separate aspect of bioenergy. The publications cover bioelectricity, biomass supply, biofuels for transport, biogas, biomass for heat, pellets, and bioenergy landscape.

The pellet publication shows Europe consumed 27 million metric tons, including 26.1 million metric tons consumed by EU28, which was up 8 percent from 2017.

The U.K. was the top consumer of wood pellets at 8.5 million metric tons, an increase of 14.3 percent. Italy consumed 3.3 million metric tons, down 4.5 percent, while Denmark consumed 3.1 million metric tons, down 2.7 percent. In Germany, pellet consumption increased 4.3 percent last year, reaching 2.2 million metric tons. Consumption also grew significantly in Sweden, reaching 1.8 million metric tons, up 15.4 percent when compared to 2017.  

A significant portion of the pellets consumed went to heat production. In Europe, 16.8 million metric tons of pellets went to heat production last year, including 15.8 million metric tons consumed by EU28, which was up 4.3 percent when compared to the previous year. Heating applications include residential heating, commercial heating and combined-heat-and-power applications. Italy consumed 3.3 million metric tons of wood pellets for heat, followed by Denmark at 2.4 million metric tons, Germany at 2.2 million metric tons, Sweden at 1.6 million metric tons and France at 1.6 million metric tons.

According to the report, the EU28 produced nearly 17 million metric tons of wood pellets last year, up nearly 10 percent from 2017. Germany was the top pellet producing country in Europe, at 2.4 million metric tons, up 7.3 percent. Pellet production also increased 9.3 percent in Sweden, reaching 1.8 million metric tons; 12.2 percent in Russia, reaching 1.6 million metric tons; 7.6 percent in Latvia, reaching 1.6 million metric tons; and 11.1 percent in France, reaching 1.5 million metric tons.

A full copy of the pellet report and policy brief can be downloaded from the Bioenergy Europe website.