Biomass Bonanza

Georgia has a lot to offer biomass-to-energy projects
By Erin Voegele | November 22, 2011

The 2011 Southeast Biomass Conference & Trade Show held Nov. 1-3 in Atlanta hosted 325 professionals and 60 exhibitors and boasted a strong regional focus.

Jill Stuckey, director of the Center of Innovation for Energy at the Georgia Environmental Finance Authority, started off the event by addressing Georgia’s biomass potential and the economic benefits that new industry could bring to her state.

According to Stuckey, there are four main factors driving interest in biomass-to-energy projects in Georgia: the economy, international mandates, environmental concerns and the need for greater energy security. “I’m in economic development, so when I hear the word ‘jobs’ my ears perk up,” she said. Georgia ranks second in biomass supply. Only Oregon has more biomass. However, Stuckey noted that Oregon’s forests are largely comprised of redwoods, which are unlikely candidates for energy conversion. While Georgia has vast forest resources, the logging industry and infrastructure within the state is suffering from a 25 percent unemployment rate. “We want to do something about that,” Stuckey said. “We want more forests in Georgia, so we have to find good uses for those trees.”

We grow trees like other states grow commodity crops, Stuckey said. “We plant [trees] in nice little straight rows, and if we want more trees to be planted we are going to have to find uses for them,” she continued. In 1995, foresters in Georgia were harvesting about 51 million tons of biomass. “Today we are down to 39 million tons … and they are growing 38 percent faster than we utilize them,” she said.
Although forestry is the source of Georgia’s primary biomass resource, the state is working to expand into other areas. As industries like pellet manufacturing continue to grow, Stuckey stressed that Georgia is working to develop vast and reliable sources of biomass materials. In addition to looking at the cultivation of faster growing trees, energy crops such as miscanthus are also being considered. “We are the biomass leader of today,” Stuckey said. “But we want to be the biomass leader of tomorrow.”

Stuckey also addressed the types of biomass-related industries that are locating in her state, including pellet manufacturers. “I think the future is great for the pellet industry,” Stuckey said, noting that demand from Europe could grow to 30 million tons annually by 2016. By 2026, that number could grow 100 million to 300 million tons. Regarding the electrical industry, Stuckey noted that the price is currently high, limiting the amount of biomass-based electricity that utilities are willing to purchase. However, that could change as torrefaction technologies become more advanced. The future of drop-in biofuels development also looks strong in Georgia. “The jet fuels industry is really really pushing in this area,” Stuckey said. “We are working [on about] four biomass-to-jet-fuel projects right now … We are very excited about that because we have the busiest airport in the world. We utilize about 1 billion gallons of jet fuel in Atlanta every year.”

Regarding Stuckey’s organization, she spoke of a unique “one-stop-shop” she has developed to simplify the process of gathering relevant federal and state regulatory information. Professionals representing a wide range of regulatory issues all meet face to face. Companies are scheduled in one-hour intervals to explain their projects to this group of state and local officials, who then answer questions regarding permitting, regulation, and any services they might be able to offer to expedite the development of a project. “We want you to get that shovel in the ground sooner rather than later,” Stuckey said.

—Erin Voegele