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European Biofuels Technology Platform stresses benefits of Bio-CC

By Erin Voegele | June 22, 2012

The European Biofuels Technology Platform published a report in June that addresses the potential to couple carbon capture and storage (CCS) with biofuel and biomass heat and power technologies. The report, titled “Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage (Bio-CCS),” asserts that Bio-CCS is the only large-scale technology that can remove CO2 from the atmosphere, as it combines sustainable biofuel and bioenergy production with CCS, leading to carbon negative products. This type of process is already underway in the U.S. at an ADM ethanol plant

Additional key findings uncovered by the report note that the biofuels industry in Europe could provide “low-hanging fruits” for early, low-cost CCS deployment. In addition, the EBTP said in the report that studies have indicated Bio-CCS cold remove 10 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere every year by 2050 using available, sustainable biomass. In Europe alone, 800 metric tons of carbon dioxide could be captured per year.

According to the EBTP, there are several biomass conversion routes that would be appropriate to pair with CCS technology, including bio-chemical biofuel production, thermo-chemical production of biofuels and biochemical, and biomass combustion for heat and power. While the process to convert biomass into biofuels or biochemical generally produces a smaller stream of carbon dioxide than burning biomass for heat or power does, the report noted it is generally easier to separate the carbon dioxide stream out of biofuel conversation processes.

In its report, the EBTP urges the EU to take several steps to encourage Bio-CCS deployment. The group encourages the EU to reward negative emissions for Bio-CCS under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme in the same way it recognizes fossil CCS. Since several relatively small biomass facilities could partner with other carbon dioxide producers to bring create economies of scale, the EBTP also asks the EU to identify and incentivize the clustering of small-scale biogenic emission sources with other emission sources. Another suggestion offered by the EPTP is that research and development activities to determine the costs of various Bio-CCS routs should be undertaken. In addition, the group requests that dedicated funding for research and development and pilot projects to deployed by the government.

A full version of the study can be downloaded from the EBTP website

 

 

1 Responses

  1. Erich J. Knight

    2012-06-25

    1

    Biochar is not mentioned? Short a nano material PV / thermoelectrical / ultracapasitating Black swan, What we can do now with "off the shelf" technology, what I proposed at the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, to the EPA chiefs of North America. The most cited soil scientist in the world, Dr. Rattan Lal at OSU, was impressed with this talk, commending me on conceptualizing & articulating the concept. A Report on my talk at CEC, and complete text & links are here: http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/biochar-policy/message/3233 the increased yields pocketed by local subsistence farmers. All the projects going on comprise roughly 3000 Biochar using households from Cameroon to Kenya. Here is a recent survey of over 360 Biochar using households in Kenya, sponsored by the African Christian Organization Network. They report increased crop yields between 20 and 40%, while reducing fertilizer expenditure and increasing farm-level profitability by 25%. http://andrewcd.berkeley.edu My heroes are the engineers without Borders who have promoted clean cook stoves, Pyrolytic and Gasifing stoves that burn any biomass cleanly and 41% more efficiently. No black-lung no emphysema, no deforestation, all the while building soil carbon for continually sustainable yields. Please look at the work of the Biomass Energy Foundation. At scale, replacement of three rocks in a pot, across Africa would have the health impact equivalent of curing malaria and AIDS combined. Biomass Energy Foundation (BEF) website http://biomassenergyfndn.org/bef/ Modern Thermal conversion of biomass burns only the hydrocarbons in that biomass, conserving the carbon for the soil. At the large farm or village scale modern pyrolysis reactors can relieve energy poverty, food insecurity and decreased dependency on chemical fertilizers. Please take a look at this YouTube video by the CEO of CoolPlanet Biofuels, guided by Google's Ethos (and funding along with GE, BP and Conoco) they are now building the reactors that convert 1 ton of biomass to 120 gallons of bio – gasoline and Biochar for soil carbon sequestration. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zkYVlZ9v_0o Cheers, Erich Chairman; Markets and Business Committee 2010 US Biochar Conference, at Iowa State University http://www-archive.biorenew.iastate.edu/events/biochar2010/conference-agenda/agenda-overview.html Administrator; Biochar Policy; http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/biochar-policy/ All my Headline Char News can be reviewed at; http://groups.google.com/group/se-biochar

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