European Biofuels Technology Platform stresses benefits of Bio-CC

By Erin Voegele | June 22, 2012

The European Biofuels Technology Platform published a report in June that addresses the potential to couple carbon capture and storage (CCS) with biofuel and biomass technologies. The report, titled “Biomass with CO2 Capture and Storage (Bio-CCS),” asserts that Bio-CCS is the only large-scale technology that can remove CO2 from the atmosphere, as it combines sustainable biofuel and bioenergy production with CCS, leading to carbon negative products. This type of process is already underway in the U.S. at an ADM ethanol plant.

Additional key findings uncovered by the report note that the biofuels industry in Europe could provide “low-hanging fruits” for early, low-cost CCS deployment. In addition, the EBTP said in the report that studies have indicated Bio-CCS cold remove 10 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere every year by 2050 using available, sustainable biomass. In Europe alone, 800 metric tons of carbon dioxide could be captured per year.

According to the EBTP, there are several biomass conversion routes that would be appropriate to pair with CCS technology, including bio-chemical biofuel production, thermo-chemical production of biofuels and biochemical, and biomass combustion for heat and power. While the process to convert biomass into biofuels or biochemical generally produces a smaller stream of carbon dioxide than burning biomass for heat or power does, the report noted it is generally easier to separate the carbon dioxide stream out of biofuel conversation processes.

In its report, the EBTP urges the EU to take several steps to encourage Bio-CCS deployment. The group encourages the EU to reward negative emissions for Bio-CCS under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme in the same way it recognizes fossil CCS. Since several relatively small biomass facilities could partner with other carbon dioxide producers to bring create economies of scale, the EBTP also asks the EU to identify and incentivize the clustering of small-scale biogenic emission sources with other emission sources. Another suggestion offered by the EPTP is that research and development activities to determine the costs of various Bio-CCS routs should be undertaken. In addition, the group requests that dedicated funding for research and development and pilot projects to deployed by the government.

A full version of the study can be downloaded from the EBTP website.



1 Responses

  1. Aras



    Biofuels are a joke and a scam. Does anyone raizele that if you trap the CO2 in algae, but then process it some other processing plant (which requires energy) and use it to fuel trucks (which requires energy to get it to the trucks) and then you burn it, the CO2 goes into the air anyway, and you used MORE overall fuel by fueling the production process of the biofuel. And where did the energy to store it in algae come from? THE SUN. So it is the most inefficient solar panel in the world, essentially.If you wanted it to be good for the environment you'd throw the algae into the sea or something, not burn it for fuel. All biofuel in my opinion as a physicist is a scam. Companies can pretend to be green while polluting just as much. And don't get me started on the corn biofuels, and other grain biofuels. Again it's just solar energy, which grows a plant, and then the plant is processed, shipped, and burned while the grain prices sky rocket and people starve somewhere in the world because of it.


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