Biofuel, oil groups continue to challenge RFS rule in court

By Erin Voegele | February 17, 2016

Legal challenges against the renewable fuel standard (RFS) continue to be filed by both stakeholders in the biofuels industry and representatives of the oil industry.

On Jan. 8, Americans for Clean Energy, American Coalition for Ethanol, Biotechnology Innovation Organization, Growth Energy, National Corn Growers Association, National Sorghum Producers, and Renewable Fuels Association filed a lawsuit in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit challenging the U.S. EPA’s recent RFS rulemaking, which sets volume requirements for 2014, 2015, and 2016, along with a 2017 renewable volume obligation (RVO) for biomass-based diesel. Among other things, the petitioners said they intend to demonstrate that the EPA’s interpretation of its general waiver authority under the RFS statute was contrary to the statute.

“By focusing on fuel distribution capacity and demand rather than supply, and by failing to consider surplus [renewable identification numbers (RINs)] from prior years, the agency erroneously concluded that there was an inadequate supply of renewable fuel to justify a waiver of the levels established by Congress,” said the biofuel and ag groups in the statement, noting they also plan to point out other fundamental flaws and inconsistencies in the government’s rule.

In mid-January, AFPM filed a motion to intervene in the RFS lawsuit filed by the ag and biofuel groups. The American Petroleum Institute filed a similar motion later that month. DuPont, which owns and operates a cellulosic ethanol plant, also filed a motion to intervene on Feb. 5, followed by petroleum-refiner Monroe Energy LLC on Feb. 8. 

On Feb. 9, Monroe Energy filed a separate challenge to the RFS rule with the court. The following day, on Feb. 10, AFMP filed a separate petition for review with the court. 

On Feb. 11, the American Petroleum Institute joined the legal fight over the program, filing a challenge with the court. In its filing, the API called aspects of the recent RFS rule “arbitrary, capricious, and abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law; are in jurisdiction, authority, or limitations; and were adopted without observance of procedure required by law.”

Also on Feb. 11. Alan Refining Krotz Springs Inc., American Refining Group Inc., Calumet Specialty Products Partners L.P., Lion Oil Co., Ergon-West Virginia Inc., Hunt Refining Co., Placid Refining Co. LLC, Wyoming Refining Co., and U.S. Oil & Refining Co. filed a separate lawsuit, petitioning the court to review the RFS rule.

The National Farmers Union filed its challenge to the RFS rule on Feb. 12. On the same date, the National Biodiesel Board also petitioned the court to review the rule. The court has since consolidated the eight separate lawsuits filed to date.