H2Bioil technology is cost-competitive with oil
An economic analysis of Purdue University’s H2Bioil technology demonstrates that it could produce biofuels that are economically competitive with petroleum-based fuels when oil prices are as low as $103 per barrel. The thermo-chemical technology involves the rapid heating of biomass in the presence of pressurized hydrogen followed by catalytic conversion into gasoline-like molecules. The addition of hydrogen into the gas stream enables more of the carbon contained within the biomass feedstock to be converted into fuel, increasing yields when compared to a standard fast pyrolysis process. The economic analysis has shown that when hydrogen used in the process is sourced from natural gas or coal, or generated from water using nuclear power, the resulting biofuel is cost-competitive with petroleum-based fuels. The price of the resulting fuel increases when wind or solar energy is used to generate hydrogen from water.